Introductory essay: www.jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2010/4/27/american-anthrax/
Anthrax Story Features: http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2010/05/12/anthrax-addendum/
Introductory essay: www.jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2010/4/27/american-anthrax/
Anthrax Story Features: http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2010/05/12/anthrax-addendum/
On the seventh day after September 11, 2001, two letters filled with an unusual powder were mailed in central New Jersey, bound for the New York City offices of NBC, addressed to Tom Brokaw and an Editor at the New York Post. At that time, only the perpetrator(s) knew that the second wave of domestic horror begun on 9-11 was underway. Public attention to the “anthrax attacks” did not accrue for another two weeks when a Florida photo-editor, working for American Media Incorporated in Boca Raton, collapsed into a coma and died within 3 days after his admission to the hospital (Oct. 2-5).
This blog is pursuing a theory to construct an alternate probabilty in the unsolved anthrax attacks of 2001.
The working theme is that the First Victim, Bob Stevens of American Media Inc., was a carefully orchestrated murder as were the four deaths that followed. Mr. Stevens’s death was the ‘wake up’ to officials that there was a biological attack in progress. Gaps and inconsistencies in the reported stories suggest room for this as likely. The owners of AMI and their business interests are being explored. Bob Stevens’s spinal fluid was flown by corporate jet to Arizona for hasty confirmation of anthrax by a Los Alamos specialist, Paul Keim, who made an effort to determine the strain. The editor thinks it’s probable that Mr. Stevens was contaminated elsewhere (North Carolina, perhaps) and his office was planted with anthrax spores after the AMI employees were barred from re-entry. This event is key. The “anthrax strain evidence” resembled a three-ring circus and has largely been discredited.
Barbara Honegger is one of the “inside job” journalists who brought a fact to light about the prepared White House ‘memo’ recommending unwarranted wiretapping of Americans: the anthrax attack was pointed to as the primary cause for this illegal surveillance, and the memo recommendation draft was observed on October 4 –the same day Mr. Stevens infection was announced, and a day before his death. If true, the WashD.C. memo indicates that the attack was prepared, “in the chute”, and perhaps carefully timed. The strongest indicators that the Anthrax Attack was NOT what it seemed are the letters themselves.
The next two victims were Postal workers from the Brentwood Road post office in Washington D.C. Shortly after their deaths, a Postal Service forensics specialist announced that they believed only three anthrax letters were circulated in the mail, opposing the publicized theory that seven letters had been sent. A third worker who developed an inhalation-infection before the other two could have inadvertently transmitted the anthrax to his fellows from the express mail sorting center where he bagged D.C.-bound mail and carried it to Brentwood. The three men were “the closest friends” who saw each other socially. And then there was a fourth worker from Brentwood who fell ill, checking himself into the hospital on the last day of postal-worker fatalities. He is described only as “an unidentified man”, who recovered faster and was released. His identity has remained a secret though he was said to be a floor supervisor among the 2,000 postal workers who were active at the “sprawling” Brentwood mail center in 2001.
Motive against the USPS, which had the power to launch its own investigations into ‘mail (and wire) fraud’ often leading to indictments in phony securities and drug smuggling cases, does not need proving. USPS workers also help maintain a public service ‘exposure’ website called Judicial Watch. It’s been suggested that the anthrax contamination cost “billions” to the USPS and that there are additional deaths and illnesses officials omit. Proof of additional anthrax cases is absent. New York City reported no anthrax cases among postal workers, although some deaths were thought to be stress related. On the subject of the six contaminated post offices in South Florida, the media goes silent; no names, no deaths, no illness. In the apparent route of postal processing, we’re told, the closer to end-point delivery, the more lethal the ‘letters’ became, and yet this is not what happened. Bob Stevens’ workplace, AMI, was reputedly swarming with spores. Why wasn’t one South Florida case of anthrax reported among the postal workers there? Strangely, mail sent from Brentwood that was isolated and shrink-wrapped at a Kansas City stamp facilty that tested positive, proved to have no trace of contamination. The Kansas City ‘spores’ were limited to postal workers’ trash cans.
A disturbing anomaly about the Brentwood Rd USPS contamination is this : an inconsistency of timing in the Brentwood Rd. contamination is the claim that the postal workers who developed lethal infections were exposed from a sorter-machine cleanup that used blower equipment on the morning of October 11. Mr. Leroy Richmond’s lawsuit ‘discovery’ revealed that the Daschle letter did not pass through the facility until the 12th. By then, several lawsuits were in progress and it wasn’t in anyone’s interest to reconcile this discrepancy. While Mr. Richmond was in the hospital, and memories were fresh, his Brentwood supervisor came to his bedside to help reconstruct the exact sequence of events that led to his exposure. It was agreed that Mr. Richmond’s cleaning activity on the the 11th was the cause of his infection. (See the Washington D.C. page for more). Does it matter because (a) it was not a normal duty of Richmond’s routine as a floor supervisor and (b) he may have been at the airport facility on the 12th?
The last two victims were a ‘hospital supply room’ worker in Manhattan and a random-seeming ‘little old lady’ in Connecticut. A theory of cross-contaminated mail is supposed in the deaths of these two women. The elder woman in Oxford, CT had a distant neighbor’s mail test positive for “a spore”, said to have followed the Leahy letter in the sorting machine by 15 seconds, but the Leahy letter’s circumstance, by accounts, is highly suspect –it turned up on Nov. 16 in an undelivered mail quarantine bag “leaking like a sieve” and yet was known to have been delivered to the senator’s office over a month earlier, around the same time as the Daschle letter reached its destination. The Leahy senate office tested completely negative, while the ‘Leahy letter’ found later, “undelivered”, had a mysterious pinhole in the envelope and contained an even more deadly “super weaponized” anthrax powder when it was found.
Only four “evidence” letters existed. The first two recovered, from the New York Post (which was unopened) and NBC, both mailed Sept.18, were identical copies. The Washington D.C. anthrax trail appears unexplainable by means of cross-contaminated letters. Other anthrax-tainted mail was recorded outside the country. This “trail” must be telling a story… The FBI conducted the largest investigation in its history, over 9000 interviews, 5000 subpoenas and could not nail a suspect. The anthrax attacks were seized upon in the media spin as a primary link to Iraqi involvement and, failing that, evolved as an ‘inside job’ .
The Anti-Defamation League summed up its review of prior anthrax hoaxes this way: “The period 1995-2000 resulted in America inadvertently telegraphing to the entire world, as well as to dissidents and malcontents within its own borders, how vulnerable the American psyche was to the threat of anthrax, to say nothing of the American critical infrastructure.” http://www.adl.org/learn/anthrax/hoaxes2.asp The first anthrax hoax in this cycle to gain national attention happened at the D.C. headquarters of B’nai B’rith in April of 1997.
Webster Tarpley wrote: “The anthrax incidents of October 2001 must be regarded as an integral part of the entire 9/11 operation. The 9/11 terror attacks were highly effective in terrorizing urban populations, since no one knew when another city might be struck, and with what means. But what of the vast suburbs, and what of rural America? Here kamikaze aircraft, poison gas and dirty bombs were hardly likely. But everyone in the country had a mailbox, and now that mailbox could become the delivery system for a deadly disease. Even the most humble and obscure person living in the most remote location could never be sure that a piece of junk mail in the letterbox had not brushed up against an envelope teeming with lethal anthrax spores. The most harmless daily routine, that of checking the mailbox, suddenly became a tense encounter with the world of biological warfare. The anthrax attacks also provided a most welcome pretext for the Bush administration and the FBI to scale down and to slow down the ongoing probes into 9/11. The anthrax letters provided a reason to re-assign FBI agents to the new danger, before they got anywhere near unearthing the explosive secrets of 9/11. On October 10, FBI assets were shifted away from the 9/11 investigation with the explanation that they were needed for the anthrax emergency. At the same time the anthrax attacks, if properly regarded, can become the Achilles heel of the entire 9/11 operation…”http://www.american-buddha.com/911.syntheticterrormade12.htm
2001 Anthrax Attack
[Feb 9, 2002] …”But the genetic trail may now have gone cold. Investigators hoped that samples from the dozen labs holding USAMRIID’s strain would be sufficiently different to reveal where the attacker got his bacteria. They include three US military facilities: the navy’s medical research lab, the army’s Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, and Battelle, a defence contractor based in Ohio. So far, all the samples tested in [Paul] Keim’s analysis have been identical. His lab is now working with the Institute for Genomic Research in Maryland to try and find more revealing differences in non-repeat DNA. But it’s not looking good-the labs have clearly been sharing the same bacteria. Hope now rests on analysing the way the anthrax was turned into the fine, floating powder that makes it a weapon…
“…to the expert eye, the envelope opened in Senator Tom Daschle’s office on 15 October obviously contained weaponised anthrax. It even resembled the powder the US military concocted in the 1960s…The US government insists it destroyed all its old weaponised anthrax. But in December , an American journalist broke the news that Dugway had been making more for nearly four years under the tutelage of Bill Patrick, who ran the anthrax programme before 1969…Dugway undoubtedly weaponised Ames…
“THE US is vastly increasing its biodefence research in the wake of the anthrax attacks. But even though biosafety standards will be tightened up, critics fear this explosion in research may only make another bioterrorist strike more likely. This week President Bush announced an $11 billion increase in biodefence funding over the next two years… Congress is finalising a Bioweapons Protection Act that will demand increased security and containment, and the registration of labs, scientists, and the genetic fingerprints of laboratory pathogens, to track any future release… That could drive the research away from smaller university labs, even though they tend to do the most innovative research, says Martin Hugh-Jones… Soon only the biggest labs may be able to afford the few experts in the area.” http://www.zcommunications.org/anthrax-attacks-by-debora-mackenzie
http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/misc9.html [about 3/4 down the page] Local veterinarian discusses anthrax threat during 2005 Bovine Connection
December 07, 2005, Sidney (Montana) Herald
In light of the tragic loss of 37 cattle in Roosevelt County earlier this fall, Schieber felt it was prudent to inform the large group about the potential risks of anthrax epidemics.
“Anthrax is not new, it’s been here for hundreds of years. There typically is an outbreak every five to 10 years. It is something that is here to stay,” Schieber said…“In the summertime if you suddenly notice a cow death, you have to suspect anthrax”…
Once the anthrax spores are hatched, the incubation period ranges from three to seven days. Symptoms of infected animals include fever, initial aggression, depression, muscle trimmers [sic], seizures, breathing difficulty and mild bloating. Death occurs rapidly.”
In the course of the unfolding 2001 Anthrax Attack, New York Times medical correspondent, Lawrence K. Altman MD wrote, “The normal incubation for inhalation anthrax is one to seven days” http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/16/science/the-doctor-s-world-cdc-team-tackles-anthrax.html?pagewanted=3
day 7, cutaneous lesion
—[snip] July 2000, Germany’s Bayer AG negotiated an unprecedented sole endorsement by the FDA of the antibiotic Cipro (ciprofloxacin) for anthrax, despite the drug’s high risk, high price, and largely untested status…
New York Times officials say that an envelope postmarked in New York City and received at the newspaper’s Rio de Janeiro offices contained anthrax. The letter was later deemed “not dangerous”.
In Argentina, health officials say a travel brochure mailed from Florida to Argentina tested positive for anthrax.
—[Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 10-19-01] …”Brian Levin, a professor of criminal justice and director of the center on Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernadino, said that ‘because of the sophistication needed to put together an anthrax threat and the timing of this, I think it’s far more likely that this is foreign rather than domestic” http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/misc2.html
–Anthrax in India
In India, the health secretary of a western state says that powder found in an envelope in a government office has tested positive for anthrax and will be examined further.
—[Star-Ledger staff writers] “We’re dealing with a very intelligent mind” the source said. “It could be a case of ‘death by a thousand cuts’ .” http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/misc2.html
Nov 25 – “The Sep 11 events have led to new opportunities to address preparedness and consequence management, says Margaret A. Hamburg, a former assistant secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton administration who heads the foundation’s biological projects.”
Nov 27 — “Smallpox virus can be homemade”
Nov 28 — “US to buy 155 million doses of smallpox vaccine
United States health officials agree to buy 155 million doses of a new smallpox vaccine from a partnership between Acambis, a British-based company, and Illinois-based Baxter International..” http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/bioprep/btwatch/btwatch-nov.html [[Acambis was acquired by Sanofi-Aventis in 2008 http://citizen2009.wordpress.com/sanofi-aventis/]]
Dec 1, 2001 — “Investigators have found a trace of anthrax bacteria on the outside of a letter sent to a residence in Seymour, Conn., about 1½ miles from the home of an elderly widow who mysteriously died of the disease last week….The newly discovered Seymour letter — a business letter sent to an estate liquidator who works from home — was postmarked in Trenton, N.J., and dated Oct. 9 — the same day that letters containing billions of deadly spores were mailed to Sens. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.) and Thomas A. Daschle (D-S.D.)….Joxel Garcia, Connecticut’s public health commissioner, emphasized that the Seymour letter bore only the slightest contamination. “Very, very small amounts — one colony,” he said….On the reverse side of most mail, a machine prints a faint orange bar that reveals the date, time, location and machine that sorted that piece of mail.Then an automated sorter scans the destination information for each piece into a computer. It is that computer file that led investigators to 88 Great Hill Road in Seymour, home of John S. Farkas, 53.” http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/bioter/anthraxtraceconn.html
Is there a relative of Mr. J.S. Farkas here?—-“A MadCowMorningNews investigation has revealed that San Diego defense contractor Titan Corp is at the center of a private intelligence network engaged in a broad range of criminal activities with seeming impunity, everything from drug trafficking to white collar crime that includes massive stock fraud cumulatively totaling billions…The companies involved market products to businesses and consumers that were originally developed for grandiose defense schemes like the U.S. Stars Wars program, or dreamed up in the labs of the CIA, Mossad and other intelligence agencies….Titan Corp’s most curious partner [is] Miami attorney Michael D Farkas…. Today Farkas and Beni own a company attempting to market Israeli anti-missile technology to U.S. airlines and owners of commercial aircraft…..Of course, it is Titan’s still-unexplained involvement with both Michael Farkas and the company he founded, SkyWay Aircraft of St Petersburg, FL., which is ultimately the firm’s most intriguing criminal connection…. Skyway is the company recently in a spotlight of unwanted media attention (okay, a flashlight of attention, from only the MadCowMorningNews) as the owner/operator of “Cocaine One,” the DC9 caught carrying 5.5 tons of cocaine in Mexico in April for which no one, apparently, is responsible.” http://www.madcowprod.com/11062006.html
Dec 3 http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/03/us/a-nation-challenged-the-inquiry-clues-overlooked-to-a-coming-threat.html ..”Suddenly, the United States Postal Service was recognized as a spore-spreading system. In the last three days, even the most enigmatic of the five anthrax deaths — the cases of a Connecticut widow and a New York City hospital worker have been shown to have possible links to the mail. Letters that passed through a Hamilton, N.J., sorting center within seconds of the tainted letters sent to two senators on Oct. 9 had gone to the neighborhoods of these two victims, investigators discovered….Many conundrums posed by the postal assaults will not be resolved quickly, officials said….There is still nothing leading investigators back toward the source of the anthrax, Mr. Mihalko said.”
Dec 4, 2001 http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/04/science/the-doctor-s-world-first-challenge-in-anthrax-case-not-missing-it.html ..”Until the intentional spread of anthrax in recent months, only 18 cases of inhalation anthrax had been reported since 1950, and 227 of the skin form from 1955 to the beginning of the intentional spread this fall.”…
Dec 19 — http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/hcourant.html The Hartford Courant …”.Barbara Hatch Rosenberg, a microbiologist affiliated with the Federation of American Scientists, earlier this month.. predicted that the perpetrator is an American microbiologist with access to weaponized anthrax, that likely came from a government lab or one contracted by the government.”
Dec 25 – http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/25/health/the-doctor-s-world-in-offering-anthrax-vaccine-officials-admit-to-unknowns.html “Thousands of postal employees and workers on Capitol Hill who took antibiotics because they were exposed to anthrax two months ago now face a difficult new medical decision: whether to take an anthrax vaccine to forestall the slim and theoretical possibility that they may still develop the disease….health officials last week were forced to do what they rarely do — confess ignorance about the risks of a disease and its treatment options….For example, on Sept. 21, a few days before the first cases in the outbreak of the deliberate spread of anthrax, Tommy G. Thompson, the health and human services secretary, confidently said on CBS’s ”60 Minutes,” ‘We’re prepared to take care of any contingency, any consequence that develops or any kind of bioterrorism attack.’…Because the vaccine has never been used to prevent anthrax after people have been exposed to spores, its effectiveness in such circumstances is unknown and it is classified as experimental.”
“According to statistics from the CDC, its laboratories and other members of the agency’s Laboratory Response Network tested over 125,000 samples during the period following the first reports of the outbreak. In several cases, some state and local laboratories were so overloaded with testing requests that they contemplated setting up triage procedures to prioritize tests…the reported difficulties in meeting testing demands highlight the need for those laboratories to ensure a surge capability for possible future bioterrorist incidents. Ensuring adequate laboratory capacity was one of the issues raised during a December 2001 meeting convened by the CDC to examine lessons learned from the anthrax response and to chart a research agenda for preparing for future attacks.” http://www.ndu.edu/centercounter/ANTHRAX%20CHRONOLOGY.pdf
Jan 06, 2002 http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/06/us/nation-challenged-anthrax-anthrax-missteps-offer-guide-fight-next-bioterror.html “While it is too early to glean a set of precise lessons for a future bioterror attack — particularly since no suspect has yet been charged in this one — the officials acknowledge that the handling of the outbreak was marked by a catalog of miscalculations, missteps and misunderstandings about bioterrorism in general and anthrax in particular….In late September [of 2001], Secretary Thompson told television viewers that the government was prepared to deal with any kind of bio terrorism attack.”
Jan 20 –the Hartford Courant names Phillip Zack, reporting on his past associations at Fort Detrick and the harassment directed at coworker Dr. Ayaad Assaad. Owner of the Hartford Courant: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribune_Company “The Tribune Company is a large, employee-owned, American multimedia corporation based in Chicago, Illinois. It is the nation’s second-largest newspaper publisher, with ten daily newspapers and commuter tabloids including Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, Hartford Courant, Orlando Sentinel, South Florida Sun-Sentinel, Baltimore Sun and the The Morning Call, among others.”
March 26, 2002 http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/26/health/director-defends-cdc-s-handling-of-anthrax-attacks.html Dr. Jeffrey P. Koplan, the departing director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, defended again yesterday his agency’s handling of the anthrax attack ..as he announced that he would become vice president for academic health affairs at Emory University…news reports suggested that he was leaving under pressure….In the last three years, C.D.C.’s budget has doubled to $7.7 billion from $2.5 billion in 1998.”
May 5, 2002 — ” Jerome Hauer became director of the federal Office of Public Health Preparedness (OPHP), succeeding Dr. D. A. Henderson from Johns Hopkins Institute” http://911review.org/Sept11Wiki/Hauer,Jerome.shtml
June 23, 2002 –“In an interview, Mr. Pence said he learned from an F.B.I. briefing last week that investigators were having trouble scrutinizing possible foreign links because some countries were not cooperating. “They’re leaving no stone unturned on the domestic front,” he said. “But there are some stones they can’t flip overseas.” One senior official said of the overseas inquiry: “It’s more problematic and difficult. Some countries aren’t going to tell you anything.” http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/nyt2.html
Aug 16 — “US Sen. Bill Nelson said today he is drafting legislation to require the federal government’s assistance in cleaning up the anthrax-contaminated American Media Inc. building at the Arvida Park of Commerce….Nelson said he is working with Sen Lieberman to find a solution..to create the new homeland security agency” http://billnelson.senate.gov/news/details.cfm?id=244107
Aug 29 — http://www.nytimes.com/2002/10/30/us/threats-responses-countering-bioterrorism-many-workers-ignored-anthrax-pill.html “Most postal, government and news people who were advised to take an antibiotic to prevent inhalation anthrax a year ago failed to complete the full course of therapy, a federal study has found….No cases of anthrax developed, including among those workers who took no antibiotics at all….56 percent of those advised to complete the course did not. It also found that mild and transient adverse reactions like headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, stomach aches and diarrhea occurred commonly among people taking the antibiotics prophylactically….This is believed to be the first large-scale study of prophylactic antibiotic therapy for inhalation anthrax….Federal health officials had recommended a 60-day course of an antibiotic for more than 9,300 workers who were exposed to anthrax spores in four states and the District of Columbia in 2001….The study did not include those people who were told to stop taking antibiotics after laboratory tests determined that they had not been exposed…Ciprofloxacin was the drug used most often in the initial days of the anthrax attacks. It can cause convulsions as well as other adverse effects on the brain and central nervous system, and also lead to rupturing of the Achilles tendon and others…..The anthrax study was conducted at six sites where spores were released in Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, New York and Washington, D.C. ”
Oct 5, 2002 — “Dr Meryl Nass, one of the world’s leading experts on anthrax, claims at least two postal workers in New York died mysteriously during the outbreak, and scores of others displayed symptoms consistent with anthrax, but which went unreported.
“Dr Martin Hugh-Jones, an anthrax specialist at Louisiana State University, also thinks it likely that there were other cases. “At a low enough dose breathed in, most people would not even know they have it,” he says. In one case, doctors treating William R Paliscak, 37, a postal worker from Brentwood, Washington, concluded that the disease was present even though it was undetected by standard tests.” http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/smgpubs/access/204905191.html?did=204905191&FMT=ABS&FMTS=FT&date=Oct+5%2C+2002&author=Aaron+Hicklin&desc=Anthrax+toll+may+have+been+higher+than+reported
Dec 6, 2002 — “Judicial Watch filed a complaint on December 6, 2002 for criminal investigation with the U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia concerning the October 2001 anthrax contamination of the Brentwood Postal Facility. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court rejected our petition for writ of certioari on May 11, 2006.”
Aug.7, 2008 — “Federal authorities released hundreds of pages of documents yesterday in an effort to show that they could prove beyond a reasonable doubt that Bruce Edwards Ivins, the Army scientist who killed himself last week, was the sole person responsible for the deadly 2001 anthrax attacks.” http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nation-world/bal-te.anthrax07aug07,0,3039100.story
Nov.30, 2011 — “Stevens’ lawsuit against the federal government — seeking to hold it responsible for not safeguarding the anthrax spores used in the biological attacks in the weeks following 9/11 — ended last week after an eight-year pitched legal battle…In the end, the government conceded the anthrax came from one of its Army labs at Fort Detrick, Md., but admitted no liability in the death of Robert Stevens, a photo editor at tabloid publisher American Media Inc.” http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2011-11-30/news/fl-maureen-stevens-anthrax-lawsuit-20111129_1_anthrax-scientist-anthrax-attacks-bruce-ivins