West Nile Virus

1998 — ” The OraVax company..dealings with..government orders for a yet to be tested West Nile Virus vaccine…manufacturer directly connected to the major players..was developing a WNV vaccine before the 1999 outbreak….its VP went to Washington with Jerry Hauer and the head of Rockefeller University in 1998 to pressure President Clinton to stockpile billions of dollars worth of vaccines”…

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http://www.birds.cornell.edu/crows/westnile.htm

“I first received calls about oddly sick crows in the New York City area the last week of August 1999. Several people called me about finding sick and unusually approachable crows, as well as an unusual number of dead crows. Finding dead birds (other than roadkills or window strikes) is unusual, as most sick birds seem to find some quiet and hidden place to die. Finding one dead crow doesn’t mean much, but finding several crows within a short period of time is highly unusual and indicates that something odd is going on.

I first suspected a poisoning event, especially since someone had been poisoning pigeons in Central Park just previous to the finding of dead crows. The state pathologist’s lab, however, got some of the dead crows and tested them for a number of things, but found no indication of pesticide poisoning. Instead, the symptoms were consistent with a viral infection. When I spoke with them in mid September they had sent samples to a lab in Colorado, but had not yet received the results.

At the same time the outbreak of “St. Louis encephalitis” was being reported in much the same areas where crows were being found dead. It seemed odd to me that crows would be dying from that disease, as most birds that are exposed to it get mildly sick, but do not die from it. A new disease of some other source of crow mortality made more sense.

On 23 September, the State of New York Department of Health released the information that several bird specimens from the NYC area had been diagnosed as being infected with a virus that most closely resembled West Nile virus. These birds included a crow from Westchester County, as well as birds from the Bronx Zoo. Exact connections between the birds and the human illnesses have been difficult to establish (as is to be expected).”…

“The 17 Dec 1999 issue of Science had two articles on West Nile. One [Lanciotti, R.S., et al. 1999. Origin of the West Nile Virus Responsible for an Outbreak of Encephalitis in the Northeastern United States. Science 286 (5448): 2333-2337] described the strain found in North America as matching a strain isolated from the brain of a dead “goose” in Israel in 1998 (no species given, nor any indication if it was a wild or domestic bird). The authors state “The WN virus could have entered the Western Hemisphere through a number of mechanisms, including travel by infected humans, imporation of illegal birds or other domestic pets, or unintentional introduction of virus-infected ticks or mosquitoes.”

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http://citizen2009.wordpress.com/west-nile-virus/

[July 21, 2000]  ”71-year-old man who died in Staten Island on Wednesday was not infected with the West Nile virus, city officials said yesterday. The man, a visitor from South Carolina…”  http://partners.nytimes.com/library/national/regional/072100ny-nile.html [photo of spraying the streets from a pick-up truck]
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 [Connecticut] “… resident Michael Guroian hung a 20-by-30-inch sign in front of his Fieldstone Road home with the words, “I object to being poisoned” written in big letters…” I cannot understand how spraying from the road will help the problem. . . . What happens to the mosquitoes that are breeding and swarming in the swamp areas where there are no roads?” he said. “Most of the mosquitoes will survive. This will not stop the spread of the West Nile virus.” http://www.safe2use.com/ca-ipm/00-07-26a.htm –citizens complained that spraying was rescheduled without notice and many were caught having to walk and travel through the pesticide fog.
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[Aug 30, 200]  “Nassau County has decided to begin ground spraying of pesticides to fight the West Nile virus, becoming one of the last counties in the metropolitan New York area this year to do so, after finding infected mosquitoes within its boundaries.” …  http://www.nytimes.com/2000/08/30/nyregion/nassau-county-is-to-begin-spraying-against-west-nile-virus.html?pagewanted=1
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[Sep 21, 2000]  “In a lawsuit over New York City’s use of pesticides to control West Nile virus, a lawyer for a coalition of environmental groups argued yesterday that using the chemicals in heavily populated areas violated federal and state environmental laws. After showing a videotape of spray trucks emitting plumes of Anvil, a pesticide, over sidewalks in Harlem, Karl S. Coplan, the lawyer, told Judge John S. Martin Jr. of Federal District Court in Manhattan that spraying the chemicals had violated federal laws.”… http://www.nytimes.com/2000/09/21/nyregion/pesticide-spraying-in-city-is-illegal-lawyer-argues.html?pagewanted=1    

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“In the New York outbreak, 67 people became ill. Symptoms of West Nile virus encephalitis seemed to include more muscle weakness than in other forms of encephalitis, said Dale Morse, MS, MD, director of the office of science and public health at the New York State Department of Health. In serious cases, patients had to be hospitalized about four days after the onset of symptoms.” http://www.aap.org/family/wnv-sept02.htm   …”Since the New York outbreak in 1999, the virus has been detected in 37 states as far west as Texas and in Canada.” [as of Sep 2002] ”It has been relatively rapid as these things go”, said Stanford T. Shulman, M.D., FAAP, division head of infectious disease at Children’s Memorial Hospital in Chicago and professor of pediatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine.”…
“Most cases are mild, with people showing no symptoms or having a fever, headache and body aches… Most of the serious US cases to date have involved the elderly, according to the CDC. Only 1% of people bitten by infected mosquitoes become seriously ill and of that group, 3% to 15% of cases are fatal. …As of August 14 [2002], 156 human cases of West Nile virus encephalitis or meningitis had been reported and 9 people had died”… ”cases of the disease have plummeted in New York over the last two years. Only 14 cases were reported in each of 2000 and 2001…”This is a testament to the success of the city’s mosquito control program”, Dr. Essajee said.”…  “West Nile virus is in the family of arboviruses affecting the central nervous system…..there is no cure for encephalitis”
 
The Rockefeller’s Charles M. Rice, who’s considered a leading world expert virologist, classes the West Nile Virus as a flavivirus:
[Project BioShield grantee#2] Apath LLC, St. Louis, Mo.; founded 1997 and based in Brooklyn New York; founder Dr. Charles M. Rice http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=9860872; Dr. Rice is a lab chief at Rockefeller Univ. http://www.rockefeller.edu/research/faculty/abstract.php?id=143; “Head of the Laboratory of Virology and Infectious Disease at The Rockefeller University. He is one of the world’s most accomplished virologists and a prominent figure in research on members of the Flaviviridae including hepatitis C virus (HCV).” http://www.hepccenter.org/rice.php 
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“In 1957, the virus was blamed for the deaths of several elderly patients in Israel. In 1960, it was observed in horses in Egypt and France. In 1999,
Æ999, a strain said to be virtually identical to the Israeli strain was detected in New York City.” >>those are strong words in ‘virus’ terms, meaning this is the same virus<<
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 Jerome M. Hauer – Director of BioPort/Emergent BioSolutions since 2004; Hauer had a significant role in the events of September 11. He became  the first director of the New York City (Mayor Giuliani’s) Office of Emergency Management, a position created in 1996, 3 years after the first WTC bombing. During his tenure, Hauer organized the construction of the WTC7 Command post, begun in June of 1998, and directed the pesticide spraying for St. Louis encephalitis and/or West Nile Virus http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/1999/09/19/1999-09-19_b_klyn__queens_get_2nd_dose_.html As a directing manager of Kroll (security), Hauer hired ‘Osama Bin Laden expert’ John O’Neill who started his new job on Sept.10 and died in the demolition on 9-11. Hauer is considered the nation’s leading expert on bioterrorism, and has himself contributed to work on bioweapons and is currently listed as a director of Hollis-Eden Pharmaceuticals in San Diego. [see blog article ‘Anti-Radiation Drugs’]

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progress_of_the_West_Nile_virus_in_the_United_States

  2000       2001         2002

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“In 2002, West Nile virus spread westward. Activity was reported in all but six states (i.e., Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Oregon, Alaska, and Hawaii) and triggered the largest human arboviral encephalitis epidemic in U.S. history. From June 10 to December 31, 2002, there were 4,156 cases of West Nile virus infection (including 284 deaths) reported in 39 states and the District of Columbia.2  Because of the increasing prevalence of West Nile virus, family physicians should have a solid understanding of the epidemiology, clues to early diagnosis, clinical implications, and preventive strategies in humans” http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p653.html

2002 map of the states from CDC http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/Mapsactivity/surv&control02Maps_PrinterFriendly.htm

2003 WNV activity in the USA, yearly report : 9,862 cases, 264 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount03_detailed.htm

2004 WNV activity in the USA, CDC year report: 2539 cases, 100 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount04_detailed.htm

2005 WNV activity in the USA, yearly report : 3000 cases, 119 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount05_detailed.htm

2006 WNV activity in the USA, yearly report: 4,269 cases, 177 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount06_detailed.htm

2007 WNV activity in the USA, yearly report: 3,630 cases, 124 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount07_detailed.htm

2008 WNV activity in the USA, final report : 1,356 cases, 44 deaths http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount08_detailed.htm

2009 WNV activity in the USA, reported Dec.2009: 663 cases, 30 deaths   http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount09_detailed.htm

  

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